Roughly translated as “Magnetic Mountain City,” Magnitogorsk is a city of over 400,000 located in the Chelyabinsk Oblast. It is one of the largest cities in Russia that does not serve as the administrative capital of its corresponding province. The city was built atop a mountain comprised almost completely of iron. Meant to rival Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and other famous industrial cities, the city emerged as a showcase of Stalinist industrialization. During the late 1930s, the city was closed to foreigners and not reopened until the 1980s. Having depleted its local iron, the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works has come to depend on materials shipped in from Kazakhstan. In post-Soviet times, the city—which suffers from high levels of crime, pollution, and unemployment—has emerged as a symbol of the ills of Soviet urban planning.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Magnitogorsk — (English) Магнитогорск (Russian)   City …   Wikipedia

  • Magnitogorsk — Магнитогорск Coordonnées  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MAGNITOGORSK — Située dans l’oblast de Tcheliabinsk (fédération de Russie), Magnitogorsk fut, durant les années 1930 et 1940, la plus célèbre des villes champignons de l’Union soviétique. Située au pied du versant oriental de l’Oural du Sud, à proximité du… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Magnitogorsk — [mäg΄ni tō̂ gō̂rsk′] city in SW Russia, on the Ural River: pop. 427,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Magnitogorsk — Stadt Magnitogorsk Магнитогорск Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Magnitogorsk — Магнитогорск Magnitogorsk Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Magnitogorsk — Original name in latin Magnitogorsk Name in other language Gorad Magnitagorsk, MAGNITOGORSK, MQF, Magnetogorsk, Magnitogors k, Magnitogorsk, Magnitogorska, Magnitogorskas, Magitogorska, ma ge ni tuo ge er si ke, mageunitogoleuseukeu,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • magnitogorsk — magˈnēd.əˌgȯrsk adjective Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Magnitogorsk, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of or from the city of Magnitogorsk, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : of the kind or style prevalent in Magnitogorsk …   Useful english dictionary

  • Magnitogorsk — /mag nee teuh gawrsk /; Russ. /meuhg nyi tu gawrddsk /, n. a city in the W Russian Federation in Asia, on the Ural River, near the boundary between Europe and Asia. 430,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Chelyabinsk oblast (region), western Russia,… …   Universalium

  • Magnitogorsk — Magnitogọrsk,   Stadt im Gebiet Tscheljabinsk, Russland, am Ostabfall des Südlichen Ural, am Fluss Ural, 422 800 Einwohner; Hochschule für Bergbau und Metallurgie, PH, Musikhochschule; Zentrum der russischen Stahlerzeugung (großes Hüttenwerk)… …   Universal-Lexikon